The third largest city in Israel, a port city and an important industrial and commercial center. Built on the shores of Haifa Bay, on the Carmel spurs. Located about 12 km southwest of Acre. About 10% of its residents are Arabs, of which about 60% are Christian Arabs and 30% are Muslim Arabs. Haifa and Acre are home to the famous Baha’i Gardens, which attract more than a million visitors a year, and are among the most popular tourist sites in the Middle East. Their unique design, which combines geometric patterns and spectacular landscaping while carefully and lovingly preserving the values of landscape, nature, and history, speaks to the heart of every visitor. In July 2008, the Baha’i Gardens in Haifa and Acre were selected to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, thanks to their “extraordinary universal value” as sacred sites and pilgrimage sites for Baha’i believers.